Indonesia was introduced to coffee by the Dutch in the mid-seventeenth century. It is home to the first commercial coffee plantations in the world. The first coffee production sold was in 1712 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Coffee production expanded well during these early days; however, in 1877, the coffee plantations were wiped out by a coffee root disease forcing the country to replant new coffee trees. Most new coffee plants came from Africa and were primarily Robusta Beans, because these were more root disease resistant. Today Indonesia is still a major producer of Robusta Beans. However 10 to 15% of the Coffees produced in Indonesia are Arabica beans. The best growing regions for the Arabica varieties are on the islands of Sumatra, Sulawesi, Java, Flores, and Bali. Indonesian Arabica beans are traditionally strong, complex flavored, with a syrupy quality and often a balanced acidity. The Sumatra Gayo Mountain Arabica coffee is the Superior Mandheling Coffee of Sumatra, Indonesia Cup Characteristics: This Sumatra Gayo Mountain offers earthy, mouth-filling coffee with pronounced aromatics of exotic earth notes. This coffee is erratic but Sturdy, pronounced but not an overbearing body.
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